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THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE AND THE DEBATE OVER SLAVERY

When Thomas Jefferson included a passage attacking slavery in his draft of the Declaration of Independence it initiated the most intense debate among the delegates gathered at Philadelphia in the spring and early  summer of 1776.  Jefferson’s passage on slavery was the most important section removed from the final document.  It was replaced with a more ambiguous passage about King George’s incitement of “domestic insurrections among us.”  Decades later Jefferson blamed the removal of the passage on delegates from South Carolina and Georgia and Northern delegates who represented merchants who were at the time actively involved in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade.  Jefferson’s original passage on slavery appears below.

He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither.  This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is the warfare of the Christian King of Great Britain.  Determined to keep open a market where Men should be bought & sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or restrain this execrable commerce.  And that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people on whom he has obtruded them: thus paying off former crimes committed again the Liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another.

SUBJECTS:African American HistoryPrimary DocumentsTERMS:United States – Pennsylvania18th Century (1700-1799)Military Conflict – American Revolution

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Chris Britt Comic Strip for March 09, 2021
Drew Sheneman Comic Strip for March 09, 2021
Bad Reporter Comic Strip for March 10, 2021
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The pollical utterings have reached a crescendo of ignorance and stupidity. Begin with the “debate” which became largely a TOTUs name calling and insult show. Meanwhile the ignominious Senate and administration are so concerned about the country that they want to give the bare minimum of relief for the country as a whole. While the voters are going lacking for jobs, healthcare and financial relief, the Congress still receives their full pay checks and health care. I question the idea that elected officials are more important than the people who elected them. Now the GOP is railing against the “huge” over priced stimulus presented by now President Biden. Where were the whiners when an inept (former president) executed a 2 plus trillion tax reform which benefitted everyone except those who really need the relief. Voters of America we have a failure to communicate in that we have allowed the people we elect to do whatever they want and then try (with some success) to convince us that it is what we need. In all of last year the GOP lead by TOTUS and Bitch McConnell made no big moves to curb the pandemic but managed to get tested and shots when they were made available. Their counterparts in GOP led states and cities did not demand any assistance or make any moves to enforce mask wearing, social distancing or any other recommended actions to slow the spread and protect the voters. The former guy said nothing and continued to lie about everything except his name while being abetted by the neer do wells in Congress whose sole objective is to stay in power. It is well past time for the voters to realize that the current GOP is not on their side even if they express support for some of their issues

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Unfortunately there are millions if Americans who have drank the “kool aid” of Trump along with their elected representatives (save a few}. The seeming pull to follow Trumpian ignorance to further the post civil war idea of Conservatism which fosters the idea of less is better when a majority of Americans are suffering under the burden of a pandemic and the accompanying economic stresses. It is worth noting that not one of the 535 members of Congress and their staffs are pressured with lack of income and healthcare during this period of duress. To follow the words and thoughts of these “neer do wells” is sheer folly. The proposed spending budget is a drop in the bucket and will be well used. The idea that previous monies have not been spent is ludicrous as much of that funding is planned to be spent so the idea that it is not spent is just another spin by the GOP to avoid financing what needs to be financed. Under the guise of “conservatism” the GOP is short changing the country and still supporting the worst administration in history which amounts to standing against the good of the nation ( Voters). This is a country that allows anyone qualified under a uniform standard to run for office n matter their politics. The idea is to have a way to allow all sides heard no matter how different or non mainstream. Since the advent of TOTUS, it seems that the train has run off the rails with the “ordinary” Dupublican using his radical speeches and lies to cover their personal agendas which are not in the interest of the majority of voters. The idea of Congress is to act in the best interests of the entire population of the country not a few and not in their own personal interests. It has always in general been the stance of Dupublicans to resist spending as a rule rather than in a competent manner in complement with the Scamocrats. The current GOP behind the “former guy” is working (it appears) to return us back to “Jim Crow” voting laws as they recognize the collective power of non white voters. The worse part of this is the effect of their ill considered actions affect ALL Americans to some degree with the middle to low income citizens receiving the biggest hit. Until the voters start paying particular attention to their elected officials we will not have the Democracy we deserve.

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by Jack Spaulding  |   March 2021

In researching an article on eagles, I remembered a group of them was not technically called a flock. So, I researched the proper English terms for collective groups of animals, and sure enough … a group of eagles is known as a convocation!

Some of the English naming of collective animal groups goes back hundreds of years, and some make little sense in today’s world.

All my life, I have called a group of buffalo a herd. Wrong. In proper terminology, they are known as a gang or obstinacy. I don’t want to be obstinate, but if the buffalo being described are North American, they are actually bison.

Some groups like bees (swarm) and bats (colony) I knew off hand. But, when referring to a group of bears, one should say a sloth or a sleuth.

Camels are naturally called a caravan, and who would know a group of cats are known as a clowder or a glaring. Kittens should be referred to as a litter or a kindle unless they are wild cats, then they should be referred to as a destruction, which somehow seems appropriate.

A slithering mass of cobras is known as a quiver. (Makes me quiver!)

A group of crocodiles is known as a bask. That makes sense as I have seen basking crocodiles on TV sunning themselves on the riverbanks in Africa. I assume the term would also apply to alligators, but they didn’t make the list.

Dogs are a pack and puppies a litter, but who came up with drove for a group of donkeys? I know someone who holds the reins and guides a team pulling a wagon is sometimes called a drover. But, it sounds pretty nonsensical to say, “the drover drove a drove.”

For elephants, it sounds right to call them a parade. Elk are naturally a herd or a gang but, a business of ferrets or a cast of falcons?

A school of fish, I understand, and maybe a stand of flamingos.

Old timers sometimes call a bunch of a geese a gaggle, but why are a group of fox a charm?

I’ve been on many a night’s gigging foray, but I have never heard my outdoor associates refer to a bunch of frogs as an army.

A band of gorillas is fine, and probably would be descriptive of chimps as well. I can see a group of giraffes being referred to as a tower because of their height. But whoever came up with collective names for many African critters was a little sketchy! Who would know a bloat is a group of hippos?

Hyenas are a cackle, jaguars a shadow, and it’s a leap of leopards.

Pride of lions makes sense, but a conspiracy of lemurs and a labor of moles? My wife has been doing a lot of laboring in our yard and garden leveling out mole mounds, but at the supper table, I’m not mentioning the irony of the collective term.

What about a pandemonium of parrots?

A prickle of porcupines I can understand.

Edgar Allen Poe would be on board with the label given a group of ravens as an unkindness.

A group of owls a parliament, which makes sense as most governing bodies are a group of bird brains. While I have heard a group of apes referred to as a congress, they are officially listed as a shrewdness, but I’m not going to go there.

Posted in ColumnsOutdoors

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The Fox news talking heads have gone ballistic over the recent “town Halls” put on by ABC and NBC with Vice president Biden and President Trump. Fox took the low road as usual insisting that the President was treated poorly by Savannah Guthrie while Biden was treated royally by George Stephanopoulos. So it seems that the enablers in chiefs took exception to TOTUS being asked questions that were inappropriate or just to hard to answer honestly. It should be noted that TOTUS predicted his loss all year by stating that the vote would be stolen however the people spoke and he lost. His allies and agents in the Congress and several Red States have continued with the trope of voter fraud and theft. After 50 plus court tests it has been shown that he lost the election. Now after the votes have been certified in spite of the TOTUS inspired and exhorted “insurrection” several “Red States” are making changes in voting laws to depress the vote in their areas. These attempts at suppression affect people of color and the poorest of those states thereby taking away their voting rights. These efforts will head to the High court where previously Chief Justice Roberts all but “gutted” the 1964 voting rights law. It has again become 1963 before the civil right voting act was put in place, remember that the “Jim Crow” laws were put in place to suppress the “Black Vote” and maintain the pre civil war restrictions for voting. This part of the TOTUS legacy that has garnered healthy (unhealthy?) support in several red states where votes were in dispute despite the fact that the voting was totally legal. It is again incumbent of all of us to voice our opinion no matter your party to maintain the right to vote that is demanded by the Constitution

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It’s a stunning turnaround from his angry comments this month that Trump was “practically and morally responsible” for the deadly storming of the Capitol.

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By Mary Papenfuss02/25/2021 08:52 pm ET Updated 1 day ago

In a breathtaking turnabout, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said Thursday on Fox News that he would “absolutely” back Donald Trump for president in 2024 if he becomes the Republican Party’s nominee.

The startling support came less than two weeks after McConnell’s angry slam of the former president as “practically and morally responsible” for inciting last month’s deadly storming of the U.S. Capitol. “There’s no question,” McConnell said. “The people that stormed this building believed they were acting on the wishes and instructions of their president.” He called Trump’s actions “a disgraceful dereliction of duty.”

But asked by Fox News host Bret Baier if he would support Trump if he wins the party’s nomination for president in 2024, McConnell said enthusiastically: “The nominee of the party? Absolutely.”

McConnell also noted, however: “There’s a lot to happen between now and ’24. I’ve got at least four members that I think are planning on running for president …. Should be a wide-open race.”

Despite his stance on Trump’s responsibility for the Capitol attack, McConnell nevertheless refused to convict him for “incitement of insurrection” at his impeachment trial. After his criticism of Trump, the former president called him a “dour, sullen, and unsmiling political hack.” He added in a statement that McConnell is “destroying the Republican side of the Senate” and that the senator was “one of the most unpopular politicians in the United States.”

When pressed by Baier on his stern criticism of Trump for inciting the Capitol riot, McConnell responded: “What happened in the past is not something relevant now. We’re moving forward. We’ve got a new administration. It’s a very left-wing administration.”

McConnell refused to say if he thought Trump blew the Georgia Senate races for the Republicans. And he wouldn’t comment on Trump speaking Sunday at the Conservative Political Action Conference.

“I don’t have any advice to give the former president about where he should speak or what he should say,” McConnell said.

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Darragh Roche  1 hr ago


 

A major Florida newspaper has offered harsh criticism of the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) due to begin in Orlando today in an editorial published on Wednesday.

The Orlando Sentinel, the main newspaper for Orlando the Central Florida region, argued that traditional conservatives would be unhappy at the focus of the event, in particular citing National Review founder William F. Buckley.

“If the political descendants of William F. Buckley Jr., Ronald Reagan and Antonin Scalia were coming to town, that would be exciting,” the newspaper wrote. “But that’s not what CPAC is bringing to Orlando.”

The editorial highlighted CPAC’s focus on elections – there will be seven sessions covering the topic.

“The panels will repeat over and over the Big Lie that the 2020 election was stolen from Donald Trump, and they will further rationalize election law changes that make it harder to vote,” the editorial said.

Former President Donald Trump and his Republican allies claimed without evidence that the 2020 presidential election suffered from mass voter fraud an other irregularities.

These claims are likely to feature prominently at the four-day conference in Orlando ahead of Trump’s keynote address to CPAC on Sunday. It will be his first major appearance since losing the election and he is widely expected to frame himself as the leader of the GOP.

The newspaper noted that while the conference was titled “America Uncanceled”, CPAC has cancelled an appearance by commentator Young Pharaoh because of previous anti-Semitic tweets.

The editorial went on to criticize the limited attention CPAC will pay to the national debt and deficit, suggesting that “the right’s historic meat-and-potatoes issues” are being sidelined.

“As much as we would like to welcome to Orlando a thorough and thoughtful examination of today’s issues based on conservative principles, that’s not what we’re getting,” the newspaper said.

“Instead, a political clown car is arriving on I-Drive, driven by Sunday’s keynote speaker and today’s undisputed leader of conservatism — Donald J. Trump,” the editorial went on. “William F. Buckley would weep at the thought.”

Buckley is considered an icon of the modern conservative movement, whose approach to politics laid the foundations for former President Ronald Reagan to win office.

Since his death in 2008, Buckley has often been invoked to criticize the behavior of some modern Republicans. Admirers cite his commitment to traditional conservative principles and his polite demeanor with ideological opponents on his long-running public affairs show Firing Line.

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The Rat is the first sign in the Chinese zodiac. His main strength is his imagination. His great weakness is his eccentric side, which is difficult to keep under control. This is a sign that is automatically attracted by the unusual and is soon bored by the everyday. The dominant force of this sign is Yang.

As I was researching this, it became apparent that it almost perfectly described our former president. The Chinese New Year past was the year of the Rat and the actions of TOTUS closely relates in many ways to that personality. Aside from the uncountable misdeeds and political misdeeds at home and abroad TOTUS was completely inept at the job. His concern was how much he was adored or “Kow Towed ” to rather than the effects of his poor management of the Government. Installing “toadies”, sycophants and family in positions of importance is no way to run a country. These positions require serious minded and Qualified people to get the job done. Revolving door administration never works. Now that “The Former Guy” is out, he is still in as de facto leader of the GOP. It is evident that the current members of Congress and the greater GOP across the country still have a loyalty to YOTUS to the detriment of us all and especially the loyal GOP voters. TOTUS was and still is a cancerous anomaly which the country as whole cannot afford to let grow. The recent interviews and statements from major GOP mouthpieces belies their “working across the aisle” statements. They (the GOP) have gone far right with no regard for the “American People” that they purport to work for. If the voting public wants better government then they (we) need to get involved with an understanding of what or perhaps “who” we vote for and support. If it isn’t clear what the state of our politics are, then we need to take a step back from “tweets’ and Facebook for information and read in depth on other sites that give detailed information rather than quick bites, this is sometimes called “research”!

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